Updated April 12, 2017
There is a lot of confusion about how to determine if you are buying real Manuka Honey. Unfortunately for consumers the market is flooded with honey that claims to be Manuka, but the honey is actually fake and it doesn’t contain any of the compounds that make this honey so special. Far more ‘Manuka’ honey is sold every year than is produced (10,000 tonnes sold versus the 1,700 tonnes that comes out of New Zealand). Since it is in such short supply, it’s sometimes mixed with cheaper varieties, so consumers need to be especially cautious with what they buy to ensure that they don’t get a counterfeit product and that they are truly benefiting from the powerful anti-bacterial and health-boosting properties that genuine Manuka honey has.
Whether you want to use it to help heal acne scars, fight off sore throats or to help with more serious health concerns, we will help you find the best and most beneficial Manuka honey brand for you.
The Top 6 Real Manuka Honey Brands
Consumers should check labels and choose the appropriate UMF or MGO level for their purpose. The following products come from trusted companies that test for the antibacterial properties.
1. Comvita Manuka Honey
Comvita has been around for around 42 years and have been producing high quality Manuka Honey ever since. The honey is sourced from their 30,000 beehives in the remote pollution-free forests of New Zealand. The honey is tracked from hive to the store, so you can rest assured you are getting real Manuka honey. Comvita has the UMF trademark and is considered the largest manufacturer and marketer of premium Manuka honey.
UMF: UMF 5+, 10+, 15+, 18+, 20+ options
2. Happy Valley Manuka Honey
Happy Valley was founded in 1975 and they offer a range of different types of honey products all sourced from New Zealand. Their Manuka honey has been independently tested to verify the UMF (Unique Manuka Factor). This honey is known for its golden brown color, notes of caramel and malt, crisp finish, thick texture with a pleasant aftertaste. All Happy Valley Honey is considered raw and is never brought to temperatures that endanger the honey’s natural benefits.
UMF: You can get 5,10,15,18 UMF grades of the honey
MGO: 80+,260+ 510+, 690+
3. Manukora Manuka Honey
Manukora Honey is another UMF graded pure New Zealand Manuka honey. It is known for its creaming process that makes the texture of the honey very smooth (most Manuka honey has a little bit of a gritty texture that may be off putting for some individuals) while still keeping its flavor. They work closely with their bee keepers to keep the purity, quality and potency of the honey.
Available with UMF- 5+, 10+, 15+, 20+
4. Kiva Certified Raw Manuka Honey
Kiva is a Hawaii based company that specializes in importing superfoods into the U.S from around the world. This is a high grade raw Manuka Honey (not all manuka is raw). Kiva RAW Manuka honey comes from the remote areas all over New Zealand including hills, forests, and coastal areas. It has been independently tested and UMF rated.
Available in UMF 15+, 20+
5. Tahi Manuka Honey
Tahi is another great option if you are looking for a UMF rated honey. They are very transparent about where their honey is coming from and provide a fair amount of information about their beekeeping practices on their website. Their bees are not fed sugar syrup or chemicals. The company states that they never blend their honey with honey from other hives that they don’t control in order to maintain the quality in each jar. The honey is not pasteurized (raw), and is minimally filtered. The company is also committed to conservation and sustainable business practices. Tahi has planted more than 250,000 native trees to restore the habitat.
UMF-Available in 5+,10+,12+,15+,18+,20+ grades.
6. Manuka Health
Manuka Health does not have the UMF grading, but instead tests for methylglyoxal (MGO) one of the key compounds naturally occurring in New Zealand Manuka honey using their own testing system. Manuka Health can trace the honey from beehive to store shelf and it is one of the most popular brands of Manuka honey available in the U.S. MGO™ is a trademark of Manuka Health New Zealand Ltd, and this grade is seen only on their own products.
MGO– 100+, 250+, 400+, 550+
Why is important that you buy ‘Real’ Manuka Honey?
In order to get the well documented health benefits from the anti-bacterial properties of the honey, you need to ensure what you are buying comes from the actual Manuka bush. What makes this honey so unique is that it has a key active ingredient Methylglyoxal (also known as MGO) that is not found in other honeys. MGO is a antibacterial compound that is able to kill bacteria. Whether it is acne, sore throats, wounds or even drug-resistant superbug infections, MGO has highly beneficial health implications.
The problem is that the demand for Manuka honey is so great and the supply so limited, there are a lot of products on the market that claim to be Manuka but that don’t have the level of Methylglyoxal that the real stuff does. It might be a diluted version or just mixed with other types of honey that don’t have the same kind of health benefits.
The benefits of Manuka honey are seemingly endless, here is a list of some of what this superfood has been reportedly been used to treat:
- Acne and Eczema
- Staph Infections (MRSA)
- Wounds and Burns
- Tooth Decay & Gingivitis
- IBS and IBD
- Sore Throats and coughs
- Skin Treatments
- Sleep problems
- Helps with Digestion
- Enhances overall health
- Low energy
- Helping to neutralize damaging free radicals
- Stimulation of good bacteria
How do you tell the Manuka Honey you are buying is the Real Thing
On April 11, 2017 the New Zealand government introduced a new scientific definition that going forward is going to be used to test all Manuka honey that will exported from the country. This is an effort to try to stop the spread of fake honey and help to restore consumer confidence. The government spent three years testing 800 samples of honey and determined that in order to be sold as genuine New Zealand Manuka honey it must have five attributes that include 4 chemicals and 1 DNA marker. The chemicals that are going to need to be present are:
- 3-phenyllactic acid at a level greater than or equal to 20 mg/kg but less than 400 mg/kg
- 2’-methoxyacetophenone at a level greater than or equal to 1 mg/kg
- 2-methoxybenzoic acid at a level greater than or equal to 1 mg/kg
- 4-hydroxyphenyllactic acid at a level greater than or equal to 1 mg/kg
The DNA that will need to be in the honey is:
- DNA from mānuka pollen (DNA level required is less than Cq 36, which is approximately 3 fg/µL
Since it is going to take a bit of time for companies to have their honey tested for these markers and for the government to implement the new requirements, for now the best way ensure you are getting real honey is to look for either of the two rating systems that have up until this point have been used to test the honey.
The first and most well-known is the UMF factor. The UMF factor is a standard that tests the antibacterial property of a honey. Producers that use the UMF rating belong to and are regulated by the Unique Manuka Factor Association of New Zealand (UMF). If honey that you are looking at has a UMF rating it will be clearly displayed on the label.
The other rating that you can look for is MGO. MGO tests for methylglyoxal which is what helps give the honey its antibacterial properties. MGO™ is a trademark of Manuka Health New Zealand Ltd, so you will only find it on that companies products. The MGO rating system grew out of opposition to UMF system and is recognized by most experts as a legitimate way to test for antibacterial properties.
Where things get confusing is some companies that don’t belong to the UMF association or don’t test for MGO have come up with their own ways to grade the honey. Some producers use terms like ‘Active’, ‘Bio-Active’ or ‘Activity’ or ‘Peroxide Activity’ or ‘NPA’ that look confusingly like the UMF or MGO ratings, but they are best avoided as they are most likely a blend with other types of honey.
Up until a few years ago it was difficult to get UMF labeled honey in the U.S, there were only a few brands being sold and they were hard to find. The two biggest brands that are sold in the U.S, WedderSpoon and Manuka Health, do not have the UMF label, although as mentioned above, because of the MGO grading Manuka Health honey is generally considered to be the real deal.
What do all of the different Strengths and Ratings of Honey Mean?
The strength of honey that you should choose depends on what your needs are. If you are going to be eating it every day to maintain basic health, you should look for a UMF of between 10 to 15 or MGO of 100 to 400. If you are looking for skin therapy or strong antibacterial properties for killing infections look for UMF of 15+ or an MGO of 400 to 550.
The theory is that the higher the UMF number the greater its strength at killing bacteria and the better the honey is for you. The most popular non-medical honey that is available to general consumers is around 20 UMF. As the strength gets higher so does the price.
Where does Manuka honey come from?
New Zealand is the main exporter of the honey, although the Manuka bush (also known as the tea tree) can be found in Australia (where it is called the jellybush). Australia’s Manuka is a little cheaper mostly because consumers don’t like the taste as much as the New Zealand variety. A lot of the Australian honey is used for medical purposes, where the taste doesn’t make any difference because it is used to dress wounds and burns.
New Zealand vs. Australian Manuka Honey
Currently there is a battle over who exactly can use the Manuka name. The New Zealand beekeepers believe that they should have the exclusive rights to the name, since it is mostly known to be a product of that country. The Unique Manuka Factor Honey Association (UMF) is trying to trademark the name, and last year filed an application with the government to protect the product. However beekeepers in Australia argue that it is the tree itself, the Leptospermum scoparium, that gives the honey its name. The Leptospermum scoparium is also native to Australia and the honey that is produced has the same beneficial properties as New Zealand’s.
What is the Science behind Manuka Honey?
There have actually been quite a lot of studies done on Manuka honey that show effectiveness for a number of different health ailments. Most of the studies have been conducted by the Scientist, Dr. Peter Molan of the University of Waikato in New Zealand.
Some of the recent studies seem to show Manuka honey can help heal wounds and possibly to heal burns. Studies also show it’s effective in fighting infection and promoting healing. There have also been studies suggesting it may work to help prevent gingivitis by reducing the buildup of plaque. In addition there has been promising research to suggest that it may also be helpful in fighting “superbugs” that that are difficult to treat because of the increasing resistance to antibiotics.
The possible side effects of Manuka honey are:
- Allergic reaction
- May cause high blood sugar
- Possible reaction with some chemotherapy drugs
How do you use it?
Experts say that to reap the benefits of Manuka honey, you should take a dose of about 1-2 tablespoons a day. It can be added to tea, put on toast, added to cereal just taken straight.
Manuka honey can be applied to the skin to help with skin infections, bites, burns and minor cuts. For more serious aliments you should consult with a doctor.
Where do you buy Manuka honey?
Health food stores and some grocery stores like Whole Foods stock the honey. You can also easily purchase it online.
Why is it so expensive?
Unfortunately Manuka honey comes with a pretty hefty price tag. Party due to the limited amount that is being produced, the fact that the special species of bush only grows in New Zealand and Australia, and the large amount of testing that must be done on each batch all contribute to the cost of producing the honey. If you are buying real Manuka honey that has been tested for its antibacterial properties you can expect to pay $30 to $50 USD for a 250 gram jar. If you find a product that is cheaper you may want to question whether it is the real stuff.
What does it taste like?
Manuka isn’t really known for its great taste. It has a slight bitter or sharp taste that is mixed in with the sweetness; this is not unusual for a darker honey. Depending on the brand, the texture is generally not as smooth as other honey varieties and can be a little rougher than what customers are used to.